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  • M Herod

Bed Bug

Updated: Sep 12, 2023

Bed bugs are small, wingless insects that feed on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded an

imals. They are nocturnal pests that are particularly well-adapted to infesting areas where people sleep, hence their name "bed bugs." Here are some key characteristics and information about bed bugs:

Physical Characteristics:

  1. Size: Adult bed bugs are typically about the size of an apple seed, measuring approximately 4-5 millimeters in length.

  2. Color: They are usually reddish-brown in color, but their appearance can change after feeding, when they become engorged with blood, turning more reddish and elongated.

  3. Shape: Bed bugs have flat, oval-shaped bodies with six legs, and they lack wings.


  1. Bed Infestation: Bed bugs are often found in and around areas where people sleep, such as mattresses, bed frames, box springs, and headboards. They hide in cracks, crevices, and seams during the day, making them challenging to detect.

  2. Spread: While they are most commonly associated with beds, bed bugs can also infest other areas, including furniture, luggage, clothing, and even wall voids.


  1. Egg-Laying: Female bed bugs can lay hundreds of eggs in their lifetime, usually in secluded locations close to their feeding source.

  2. Development: Eggs hatch into nymphs, which go through five stages (instars) of growth before reaching adulthood. Each nymph requires a blood meal to molt to the next stage.

Health Concerns:

  1. Bite Reactions: Bed bug bites can cause itchy, red welts on the skin. Reactions to bites vary among individuals, and not everyone reacts to bed bug bites.

  2. Secondary Issues: While bed bugs are not known to transmit diseases, their presence can lead to psychological distress, anxiety, and difficulty sleeping due to the fear of being bitten.

Control and Treatment:

  1. Professional Help: Eliminating a bed bug infestation typically requires the services of a pest control professional who can use a combination of insecticides, heat treatments, and other methods.

  2. Cleaning: Thoroughly cleaning and vacuuming infested areas can help reduce bed bug numbers temporarily, but it's unlikely to completely eradicate an infestation.

Bed bugs are notoriously resilient and can be challenging to eliminate once they establish an infestation. Early detection and prompt action are crucial in managing and preventing bed bug problems.

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